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Disorders of Consciousness Comprehensive Evidence-Based Assessment Battery (DOC COMPASS)

Affiliated Faculty

Target Population

Individuals over the age of 18 who have experienced severe acquired brain injury (including those who require ventilator support) and have not yet regained the ability to follow instructions, communicate reliably or perform basic self-care activities.


The DOC COMPASS is a single comprehensive resource for administration of a systematic evidence-based 8-week neurorehabilitation program for individuals with disorders of consciousness. It includes assessment and treatment tools appropriate for both clinical and research purposes.

Core metrics include:

  • Agitated Behavior Scale (ABS)
  • Coma Recovery Scale- Revised (CRS-R)
  • Confusion Assessment Protocol (CAP)
  • Disability Rating Scale (DRS)
  • Functional Communication Measures (FCM)
  • Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test (GOAT)
  • Limb Movement Protocol (LMP)
  • Medical Complications Checklist
  • Nociception Coma Scale - Revised (NCS-R)
  • Verbal Fluency


Bodien YG, Martens G, Ostrow J, Sheau K, Giacino JT. Cognitive impairment, clinical symptoms and functional disability in patients emerging from the minimally conscious state. NeuroRehabilitation. 2020;46(1):65-74. doi: 10.3233/NRE-192860. PMID: 32039868.

Chatelle C, Bodien YG, Carlowicz C, Wannez S, Charland-Verville V, Gosseries O, Laureys S, Seel RT, Giacino JT. Detection and Interpretation of Impossible and Improbable Coma Recovery Scale-Revised Scores. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 Aug;97(8):1295-1300.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2016.02.009. Epub 2016 Mar 2. Erratum in: Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Dec;99(12):2649-2650. PMID: 26944708; PMCID: PMC6095641.

Martens G, Bodien Y, Sheau K, Christoforou A, Giacino JT. Which behaviours are first to emerge during recovery of consciousness after severe brain injury? Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2020 Jul;63(4):263-269. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2019 Nov 26. PMID: 31783144.

Martens G, Bodien Y, Thomas A, Giacino J. Temporal Profile of Recovery of Communication in Patients With Disorders of Consciousness After Severe Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2020 Jul;101(7):1260-1264. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2020.01.015. Epub 2020 Feb 28. PMID: 32113971.

Thibaut A, Bodien YG, Laureys S, Giacino JT. Correction to: Minimally conscious state "plus": Diagnostic criteria and relation to functional recovery. J Neurol. 2020 May;267(5):1255-1259. doi: 10.1007/s00415-020-09760-0. Erratum for: J Neurol. 2020 May;267(5):1245-1254. PMID: 32193597.